How Did Andhra Bank’s (NSE:ANDHRABANK) 1.81% ROE Fare Against The Industry?

Andhra Bank (NSEI:ANDHRABANK) generated a below-average return on equity of 1.81% in the past 12 months, while its industry returned 7.81%. Though ANDHRABANK’s recent performance is underwhelming, it is useful to understand what ROE is made up of and how it should be interpreted. Knowing these components can change your views on ANDHRABANK’s below-average returns. Metrics such as financial leverage can impact the level of ROE which in turn can affect the sustainability of ANDHRABANK’s returns. Let me show you what I mean by this. Check out our latest analysis for Andhra Bank

Breaking down Return on Equity

Firstly, Return on Equity, or ROE, is simply the percentage of last years’ earning against the book value of shareholders’ equity. It essentially shows how much the company can generate in earnings given the amount of equity it has raised. Investors seeking to maximise their return in the Diversified Banks industry may want to choose the highest returning stock. However, this can be misleading as each firm has different costs of equity and debt levels i.e. the more debt Andhra Bank has, the higher ROE is pumped up in the short term, at the expense of long term interest payment burden.

Return on Equity = Net Profit ÷ Shareholders Equity

ROE is measured against cost of equity in order to determine the efficiency of Andhra Bank’s equity capital deployed. Its cost of equity is 13.97%. This means Andhra Bank’s returns actually do not cover its own cost of equity, with a discrepancy of -12.16%. This isn’t sustainable as it implies, very simply, that the company pays more for its capital than what it generates in return. ROE can be split up into three useful ratios: net profit margin, asset turnover, and financial leverage. This is called the Dupont Formula:

Dupont Formula

ROE = profit margin × asset turnover × financial leverage

ROE = (annual net profit ÷ sales) × (sales ÷ assets) × (assets ÷ shareholders’ equity)

ROE = annual net profit ÷ shareholders’ equity

NSEI:ANDHRABANK Last Perf Apr 25th 18
NSEI:ANDHRABANK Last Perf Apr 25th 18

Basically, profit margin measures how much of revenue trickles down into earnings which illustrates how efficient the business is with its cost management. Asset turnover shows how much revenue Andhra Bank can generate with its current asset base. The most interesting ratio, and reflective of sustainability of its ROE, is financial leverage. ROE can be inflated by disproportionately high levels of debt. This is also unsustainable due to the high interest cost that the company will also incur. Thus, we should look at Andhra Bank’s debt-to-equity ratio to examine sustainability of its returns. The most recent ratio is 77.58%, which is sensible and indicates Andhra Bank has not taken on too much leverage. Thus, we can conclude its current ROE is generated from its capacity to increase profit without a large debt burden.

NSEI:ANDHRABANK Historical Debt Apr 25th 18
NSEI:ANDHRABANK Historical Debt Apr 25th 18

Next Steps:

ROE is one of many ratios which meaningfully dissects financial statements, which illustrates the quality of a company. Andhra Bank’s ROE is underwhelming relative to the industry average, and its returns were also not strong enough to cover its own cost of equity. Although, its appropriate level of leverage means investors can be more confident in the sustainability of Andhra Bank’s return with a possible increase should the company decide to increase its debt levels. ROE is a helpful signal, but it is definitely not sufficient on its own to make an investment decision.

For Andhra Bank, I’ve put together three essential aspects you should further examine:

  1. Financial Health: Does it have a healthy balance sheet? Take a look at our free balance sheet analysis with six simple checks on key factors like leverage and risk.
  2. Future Earnings: How does Andhra Bank’s growth rate compare to its peers and the wider market? Dig deeper into the analyst consensus number for the upcoming years by interacting with our free analyst growth expectation chart.
  3. Other High-Growth Alternatives : Are there other high-growth stocks you could be holding instead of Andhra Bank? Explore our interactive list of stocks with large growth potential to get an idea of what else is out there you may be missing!