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Lagardere ENXTPA:MMB Stock Report

Last Price


Market Cap







21 May, 2022


Company Financials +
MMB fundamental analysis
Snowflake Score
Future Growth4/6
Past Performance0/6
Financial Health1/6

MMB Stock Overview

Lagardere SA engages in content publishing, production, broadcasting, and distribution businesses worldwide.

Lagardere Competitors

Price History & Performance

Summary of all time highs, changes and price drops for Lagardere
Historical stock prices
Current Share Price€24.98
52 Week High€25.54
52 Week Low€18.60
1 Month Change-1.73%
3 Month Change-1.27%
1 Year Change24.40%
3 Year Change15.33%
5 Year Change-11.89%
Change since IPO144.35%

Recent News & Updates

Shareholder Returns

MMBFR MediaFR Market

Return vs Industry: MMB exceeded the French Media industry which returned -31.9% over the past year.

Return vs Market: MMB exceeded the French Market which returned -4.9% over the past year.

Price Volatility

Is MMB's price volatile compared to industry and market?
MMB volatility
MMB Average Weekly Movement0.7%
Media Industry Average Movement5.7%
Market Average Movement6.1%
10% most volatile stocks in FR Market10.5%
10% least volatile stocks in FR Market3.6%

Stable Share Price: MMB is less volatile than 75% of French stocks over the past 3 months, typically moving +/- 1% a week.

Volatility Over Time: MMB's weekly volatility (1%) has been stable over the past year.

About the Company

182627,359Arnaud Lagardere

Lagardere SA engages in content publishing, production, broadcasting, and distribution businesses worldwide. It operates through two divisions: Lagardère Publishing, and Lagardère Travel Retail. The Lagardère Publishing division includes book publishing and e-publishing businesses, which cover the areas of education, general literature, illustrated books, partworks, dictionaries, youth works, mobile games, board games, and distribution in English, French, and Spanish languages.

Lagardere Fundamentals Summary

How do Lagardere's earnings and revenue compare to its market cap?
MMB fundamental statistics
Market Cap€3.50b
Earnings (TTM)-€103.00m
Revenue (TTM)€5.17b


P/S Ratio


P/E Ratio

Earnings & Revenue

Key profitability statistics from the latest earnings report
MMB income statement (TTM)
Cost of Revenue€2.78b
Gross Profit€2.39b
Other Expenses€2.49b

Last Reported Earnings

Dec 31, 2021

Next Earnings Date

Jul 27, 2022

Earnings per share (EPS)-0.74
Gross Margin46.16%
Net Profit Margin-1.99%
Debt/Equity Ratio263.3%

How did MMB perform over the long term?

See historical performance and comparison



Current Dividend Yield


Payout Ratio


Is Lagardere undervalued compared to its fair value and its price relative to the market?

Valuation Score


Valuation Score 2/6

  • Below Fair Value

  • Significantly Below Fair Value

  • PE vs Industry

  • PE vs Market

  • PEG Ratio

  • PB vs Industry


Undervalued compared to fair value

Share Price vs. Fair Value

Below Fair Value: MMB (€24.98) is trading below our estimate of fair value (€42.31)

Significantly Below Fair Value: MMB is trading below fair value by more than 20%.

Price To Earnings Ratio

PE vs Industry: MMB is unprofitable, so we can't compare its PE Ratio to the French Media industry average.

PE vs Market: MMB is unprofitable, so we can't compare its PE Ratio to the French market.

Price to Earnings Growth Ratio

PEG Ratio: Insufficient data to calculate MMB's PEG Ratio to determine if it is good value.

Price to Book Ratio

PB vs Industry: MMB is overvalued based on its PB Ratio (4.3x) compared to the FR Media industry average (1.6x).

Future Growth

How is Lagardere forecast to perform in the next 1 to 3 years based on estimates from 4 analysts?

Future Growth Score


Future Growth Score 4/6

  • Earnings vs Savings Rate

  • Earnings vs Market

  • High Growth Earnings

  • Revenue vs Market

  • High Growth Revenue

  • Future ROE


Forecasted annual earnings growth

Earnings and Revenue Growth Forecasts

Analyst Future Growth Forecasts

Earnings vs Savings Rate: MMB is forecast to become profitable over the next 3 years, which is considered faster growth than the savings rate (0.3%).

Earnings vs Market: MMB is forecast to become profitable over the next 3 years, which is considered above average market growth.

High Growth Earnings: MMB's is expected to become profitable in the next 3 years.

Revenue vs Market: MMB's revenue (12.5% per year) is forecast to grow faster than the French market (5.8% per year).

High Growth Revenue: MMB's revenue (12.5% per year) is forecast to grow slower than 20% per year.

Earnings per Share Growth Forecasts

Future Return on Equity

Future ROE: MMB's Return on Equity is forecast to be low in 3 years time (18.1%).

Past Performance

How has Lagardere performed over the past 5 years?

Past Performance Score


Past Performance Score 0/6

  • Quality Earnings

  • Growing Profit Margin

  • Earnings Trend

  • Accelerating Growth

  • Earnings vs Industry

  • High ROE


Historical annual earnings growth

Earnings and Revenue History

Quality Earnings: MMB is currently unprofitable.

Growing Profit Margin: MMB is currently unprofitable.

Past Earnings Growth Analysis

Earnings Trend: MMB is unprofitable, and losses have increased over the past 5 years at a rate of 59.5% per year.

Accelerating Growth: Unable to compare MMB's earnings growth over the past year to its 5-year average as it is currently unprofitable

Earnings vs Industry: MMB is unprofitable, making it difficult to compare its past year earnings growth to the Media industry (70.9%).

Return on Equity

High ROE: MMB has a negative Return on Equity (-9.37%), as it is currently unprofitable.

Financial Health

How is Lagardere's financial position?

Financial Health Score


Financial Health Score 1/6

  • Short Term Liabilities

  • Long Term Liabilities

  • Debt Level

  • Reducing Debt

  • Debt Coverage

  • Interest Coverage

Financial Position Analysis

Short Term Liabilities: MMB's short term assets (€3.4B) do not cover its short term liabilities (€3.7B).

Long Term Liabilities: MMB's short term assets (€3.4B) do not cover its long term liabilities (€4.1B).

Debt to Equity History and Analysis

Debt Level: MMB's net debt to equity ratio (163.5%) is considered high.

Reducing Debt: MMB's debt to equity ratio has increased from 91.9% to 263.3% over the past 5 years.

Debt Coverage: MMB's debt is well covered by operating cash flow (33%).

Interest Coverage: Insufficient data to determine if MMB's interest payments on its debt are well covered by EBIT.

Balance Sheet


What is Lagardere current dividend yield, its reliability and sustainability?

Dividend Score


Dividend Score 2/6

  • Notable Dividend

  • High Dividend

  • Stable Dividend

  • Growing Dividend

  • Earnings Coverage

  • Future Dividend Coverage


Current Dividend Yield

Dividend Yield vs Market

Notable Dividend: MMB's dividend (2%) is higher than the bottom 25% of dividend payers in the French market (1.72%).

High Dividend: MMB's dividend (2%) is low compared to the top 25% of dividend payers in the French market (4.94%).

Stability and Growth of Payments

Stable Dividend: MMB's dividend payments have been volatile in the past 10 years.

Growing Dividend: MMB's dividend payments have fallen over the past 10 years.

Earnings Payout to Shareholders

Earnings Coverage: MMB is paying a dividend but the company is unprofitable.

Cash Payout to Shareholders

Cash Flow Coverage: With its low cash payout ratio (10.3%), MMB's dividend payments are thoroughly covered by cash flows.

Discover strong dividend paying companies


How experienced are the management team and are they aligned to shareholders interests?


Average management tenure


Arnaud Lagardere (60 yo)





Mr. Lagardere serves as Chairman of Lagardere SA (Formerly, Lagardere SCA) since June 30, 2021 and also serves as its Chief Executive Officer since 2003. He had been General and Managing Partner at Lagarde...

CEO Compensation Analysis

Compensation vs Market: Arnaud's total compensation ($USD3.05M) is above average for companies of similar size in the French market ($USD1.80M).

Compensation vs Earnings: Arnaud's compensation has increased whilst the company is unprofitable.

Leadership Team

Experienced Management: MMB's management team is considered experienced (2.8 years average tenure).

Board Members

Experienced Board: MMB's board of directors are not considered experienced ( 0.9 years average tenure), which suggests a new board.


Who are the major shareholders and have insiders been buying or selling?

Insider Trading Volume

Insider Buying: MMB insiders have bought more shares than they have sold in the past 3 months.

Recent Insider Transactions

Ownership Breakdown

Dilution of Shares: Shareholders have been diluted in the past year, with total shares outstanding growing by 8.1%.

Top Shareholders

Company Information

Lagardere SA's employee growth, exchange listings and data sources

Key Information

  • Name: Lagardere SA
  • Ticker: MMB
  • Exchange: ENXTPA
  • Founded: 1826
  • Industry: Publishing
  • Sector: Media
  • Implied Market Cap: €3.497b
  • Shares outstanding: 139.97m
  • Website:

Number of Employees


  • Lagardere SA
  • 4 rue de Presbourg
  • Cedex 16
  • Paris
  • Ile-de-France
  • 75116
  • France


Company Analysis and Financial Data Status

All financial data provided by Standard & Poor's Capital IQ.
DataLast Updated (UTC time)
Company Analysis2022/05/21 00:00
End of Day Share Price2022/05/20 00:00
Annual Earnings2021/12/31

Unless specified all financial data is based on a yearly period but updated quarterly. This is known as Trailing Twelve Month (TTM) or Last Twelve Month (LTM) Data. Learn more here.