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# Do You Know What E.ON SE’s (FRA:EOAN) P/E Ratio Means?

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This article is written for those who want to get better at using price to earnings ratios (P/E ratios). We’ll show how you can use E.ON SE’s (FRA:EOAN) P/E ratio to inform your assessment of the investment opportunity. E.ON has a price to earnings ratio of 6.71, based on the last twelve months. In other words, at today’s prices, investors are paying €6.71 for every €1 in prior year profit.

### How Do I Calculate E.ON’s Price To Earnings Ratio?

The formula for price to earnings is:

Price to Earnings Ratio = Share Price ÷ Earnings per Share (EPS)

Or for E.ON:

P/E of 6.71 = €9.66 ÷ €1.44 (Based on the year to September 2018.)

### Is A High Price-to-Earnings Ratio Good?

A higher P/E ratio means that investors are paying a higher price for each €1 of company earnings. That isn’t necessarily good or bad, but a high P/E implies relatively high expectations of what a company can achieve in the future.

### How Growth Rates Impact P/E Ratios

P/E ratios primarily reflect market expectations around earnings growth rates. Earnings growth means that in the future the ‘E’ will be higher. Therefore, even if you pay a high multiple of earnings now, that multiple will become lower in the future. So while a stock may look expensive based on past earnings, it could be cheap based on future earnings.

It’s great to see that E.ON grew EPS by 15% in the last year. And earnings per share have improved by 35% annually, over the last five years. So one might expect an above average P/E ratio.

### How Does E.ON’s P/E Ratio Compare To Its Peers?

The P/E ratio essentially measures market expectations of a company. The image below shows that E.ON has a lower P/E than the average (34.8) P/E for companies in the integrated utilities industry.

This suggests that market participants think E.ON will underperform other companies in its industry. Since the market seems unimpressed with E.ON, it’s quite possible it could surprise on the upside. You should delve deeper. I like to check if company insiders have been buying or selling.

### A Limitation: P/E Ratios Ignore Debt and Cash In The Bank

It’s important to note that the P/E ratio considers the market capitalization, not the enterprise value. In other words, it does not consider any debt or cash that the company may have on the balance sheet. Theoretically, a business can improve its earnings (and produce a lower P/E in the future), by taking on debt (or spending its remaining cash).

Such expenditure might be good or bad, in the long term, but the point here is that the balance sheet is not reflected by this ratio.

### Is Debt Impacting E.ON’s P/E?

E.ON’s net debt is 20% of its market cap. It would probably deserve a higher P/E ratio if it was net cash, since it would have more options for growth.

### The Bottom Line On E.ON’s P/E Ratio

E.ON trades on a P/E ratio of 6.7, which is below the DE market average of 18.2. The EPS growth last year was strong, and debt levels are quite reasonable. If the company can continue to grow earnings, then the current P/E may be unjustifiably low.

Investors should be looking to buy stocks that the market is wrong about. If the reality for a company is not as bad as the P/E ratio indicates, then the share price should increase as the market realizes this. So this free report on the analyst consensus forecasts could help you make a master move on this stock.

You might be able to find a better buy than E.ON. If you want a selection of possible winners, check out this free list of interesting companies that trade on a P/E below 20 (but have proven they can grow earnings).

We aim to bring you long-term focused research analysis driven by fundamental data. Note that our analysis may not factor in the latest price-sensitive company announcements or qualitative material.

If you spot an error that warrants correction, please contact the editor at editorial-team@simplywallst.com. This article by Simply Wall St is general in nature. It does not constitute a recommendation to buy or sell any stock, and does not take account of your objectives, or your financial situation. Simply Wall St has no position in the stocks mentioned. On rare occasion, data errors may occur. Thank you for reading.