Estimating The Intrinsic Value Of Superior Plus Corp (TSE:SPB)

Today I will be providing a simple run through of a valuation method used to estimate the attractiveness of Superior Plus Corp (TSE:SPB) as an investment opportunity by taking the foreast future cash flows of the company and discounting them back to today’s value. This is done using the Discounted Cash Flows (DCF) model. It may sound complicated, but actually it is quite simple! Anyone interested in learning a bit more about intrinsic value should have a read of the Simply Wall St analysis model. If you are reading this and its not November 2018 then I highly recommend you check out the latest calculation for Superior Plus by following the link below.

See our latest analysis for Superior Plus

Step by step through the calculation

I’m using the 2-stage growth model, which simply means we take in account two stages of company’s growth. In the initial period the company may have a higher growth rate and the second stage is usually assumed to have perpetual stable growth rate. To start off with we need to estimate the next five years of cash flows. For this I used the consensus of the analysts covering the stock, as you can see below. I then discount this to its value today and sum up the total to get the present value of these cash flows.

5-year cash flow forecast

2019 2020 2021 2022 2023
Levered FCF (CA$, Millions) CA$266.30 CA$235.85 CA$201.41 CA$172.01 CA$146.89
Source Analyst x4 Analyst x2 Est @ -14.6% Est @ -14.6% Est @ -14.6%
Present Value Discounted @ 8.47% CA$245.51 CA$200.46 CA$157.83 CA$124.26 CA$97.83

Present Value of 5-year Cash Flow (PVCF)= CA$826m

We now need to calculate the Terminal Value, which accounts for all the future cash flows after the five years. The Gordon Growth formula is used to calculate Terminal Value at an annual growth rate equal to the 10-year government bond rate of 2.3%. We discount this to today’s value at a cost of equity of 8.5%.

Terminal Value (TV) = FCF2022 × (1 + g) ÷ (r – g) = CA$147m × (1 + 2.3%) ÷ (8.5% – 2.3%) = CA$2.5b

Present Value of Terminal Value (PVTV) = TV / (1 + r)5 = CA$2.5b ÷ ( 1 + 8.5%)5 = CA$1.6b

The total value, or equity value, is then the sum of the present value of the cash flows, which in this case is CA$2.5b. To get the intrinsic value per share, we divide this by the total number of shares outstanding, or the equivalent number if this is a depositary receipt or ADR. This results in an intrinsic value of CA$14.07. Relative to the current share price of CA$12.06, the stock is about right, perhaps slightly undervalued at a 14% discount to what it is available for right now.

TSX:SPB Intrinsic Value Export November 8th 18
TSX:SPB Intrinsic Value Export November 8th 18

Important assumptions

The calculation above is very dependent on two assumptions. The first is the discount rate and the other is the cash flows. You don’t have to agree with my inputs, I recommend redoing the calculations yourself and playing with them. Because we are looking at Superior Plus as potential shareholders, the cost of equity is used as the discount rate, rather than the cost of capital (or weighed average cost of capital, WACC) which accounts for debt. In this calculation I’ve used 8.5%, which is based on a levered beta of 0.800. This is derived from the Bottom-Up Beta method based on comparable companies, with an imposed limit between 0.8 and 2.0, which is a reasonable range for a stable business.

Next Steps:

Whilst important, DCF calculation shouldn’t be the only metric you look at when researching a company. For SPB, I’ve put together three relevant factors you should look at:

  1. Financial Health: Does SPB have a healthy balance sheet? Take a look at our free balance sheet analysis with six simple checks on key factors like leverage and risk.
  2. Future Earnings: How does SPB’s growth rate compare to its peers and the wider market? Dig deeper into the analyst consensus number for the upcoming years by interacting with our free analyst growth expectation chart.
  3. Other High Quality Alternatives: Are there other high quality stocks you could be holding instead of SPB? Explore our interactive list of high quality stocks to get an idea of what else is out there you may be missing!

PS. Simply Wall St does a DCF calculation for every CA stock every 6 hours, so if you want to find the intrinsic value of any other stock just search here.

To help readers see past the short term volatility of the financial market, we aim to bring you a long-term focused research analysis purely driven by fundamental data. Note that our analysis does not factor in the latest price-sensitive company announcements.

The author is an independent contributor and at the time of publication had no position in the stocks mentioned. For errors that warrant correction please contact the editor at editorial-team@simplywallst.com.