A Sliding Share Price Has Us Looking At The Hartford Financial Services Group, Inc.’s (NYSE:HIG) P/E Ratio

To the annoyance of some shareholders, Hartford Financial Services Group (NYSE:HIG) shares are down a considerable 43% in the last month. Indeed the recent decline has arguably caused some bitterness for shareholders who have held through the 32% drop over twelve months.

All else being equal, a share price drop should make a stock more attractive to potential investors. While the market sentiment towards a stock is very changeable, in the long run, the share price will tend to move in the same direction as earnings per share. So, on certain occasions, long term focussed investors try to take advantage of pessimistic expectations to buy shares at a better price. One way to gauge market expectations of a stock is to look at its Price to Earnings Ratio (PE Ratio). A high P/E implies that investors have high expectations of what a company can achieve compared to a company with a low P/E ratio.

View our latest analysis for Hartford Financial Services Group

How Does Hartford Financial Services Group’s P/E Ratio Compare To Its Peers?

Hartford Financial Services Group’s P/E of 5.86 indicates relatively low sentiment towards the stock. If you look at the image below, you can see Hartford Financial Services Group has a lower P/E than the average (8.7) in the insurance industry classification.

NYSE:HIG Price Estimation Relative to Market, March 17th 2020
NYSE:HIG Price Estimation Relative to Market, March 17th 2020

Hartford Financial Services Group’s P/E tells us that market participants think it will not fare as well as its peers in the same industry. Since the market seems unimpressed with Hartford Financial Services Group, it’s quite possible it could surprise on the upside. If you consider the stock interesting, further research is recommended. For example, I often monitor director buying and selling.

How Growth Rates Impact P/E Ratios

Probably the most important factor in determining what P/E a company trades on is the earnings growth. When earnings grow, the ‘E’ increases, over time. Therefore, even if you pay a high multiple of earnings now, that multiple will become lower in the future. Then, a lower P/E should attract more buyers, pushing the share price up.

It’s nice to see that Hartford Financial Services Group grew EPS by a stonking 39% in the last year. And its annual EPS growth rate over 5 years is 13%. I’d therefore be a little surprised if its P/E ratio was not relatively high.

Remember: P/E Ratios Don’t Consider The Balance Sheet

One drawback of using a P/E ratio is that it considers market capitalization, but not the balance sheet. Thus, the metric does not reflect cash or debt held by the company. The exact same company would hypothetically deserve a higher P/E ratio if it had a strong balance sheet, than if it had a weak one with lots of debt, because a cashed up company can spend on growth.

While growth expenditure doesn’t always pay off, the point is that it is a good option to have; but one that the P/E ratio ignores.

So What Does Hartford Financial Services Group’s Balance Sheet Tell Us?

Hartford Financial Services Group’s net debt is 15% of its market cap. This could bring some additional risk, and reduce the number of investment options for management; worth remembering if you compare its P/E to businesses without debt.

The Bottom Line On Hartford Financial Services Group’s P/E Ratio

Hartford Financial Services Group trades on a P/E ratio of 5.9, which is below the US market average of 12.7. The company does have a little debt, and EPS growth was good last year. If it continues to grow, then the current low P/E may prove to be unjustified. What can be absolutely certain is that the market has become more pessimistic about Hartford Financial Services Group over the last month, with the P/E ratio falling from 10.3 back then to 5.9 today. For those who prefer to invest with the flow of momentum, that might be a bad sign, but for deep value investors this stock might justify some research.

Investors should be looking to buy stocks that the market is wrong about. If the reality for a company is not as bad as the P/E ratio indicates, then the share price should increase as the market realizes this. So this free report on the analyst consensus forecasts could help you make a master move on this stock.

You might be able to find a better buy than Hartford Financial Services Group. If you want a selection of possible winners, check out this free list of interesting companies that trade on a P/E below 20 (but have proven they can grow earnings).

If you spot an error that warrants correction, please contact the editor at editorial-team@simplywallst.com. This article by Simply Wall St is general in nature. It does not constitute a recommendation to buy or sell any stock, and does not take account of your objectives, or your financial situation. Simply Wall St has no position in the stocks mentioned.

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