The calculations below outline how an intrinsic value for
United Utilities Group
is arrived at by discounting future cash flows to their present value. We use
analyst's estimates of cash flows going forward 5 years.
See our documentation to learn about this calculation.
|Levered FCF (GBP, Millions)||£142.25||£142.50||£262.00||£409.67||£416.31|
|Source||Analyst x2||Analyst x2||Analyst x5||Analyst x3||Extrapolated @ (1.62%)|
Discounted (@ 8.3%)
Present value of next 5 years cash flows:
Terminal Value = FCF2021 × (1 + g) ÷ (Discount Rate – g)
Terminal Value = £416 × (1 + 1.49%) ÷ (8.3% – 1.49%)
Terminal value based on the Perpetuity Method where growth (g) =
Present value of terminal value:
Equity Value (Total value) = Present value of next 5 years cash flows +
£5,202 = £1,036 + £4,166
Value = Total value / Shares Outstanding (£5,202 / 682)Discount to Share Price
Value per share:
Current discount (share price of £7.83): -2.56%
The discount rate, or required rate of return, is estimated by calculating the Cost of Equity.
Discount rate = Cost of Equity = Risk Free Rate + (Levered Beta * Equity Risk Premium)
Discount rate = 8.3% = 1.49% + (0.8 * 8.51%)
The Levered Beta is the Unlevered Beta adjusted for financial leverage. It is limited to 0.8 to 2.0 (practical range for a stable firm). Note the market value of equity is used not the book value (£5,308,501,334).
Levered Beta = Unlevered beta (1 + (1- tax rate) (Debt/Equity))
0.633 = 0.302 (1 + (1- 21%) (139.11%))
Levered Beta used in calculation = 0.8
Mr. Steven Lewis Mogford, also known as Steve, has been the Chief Executive Officer of United Utilities Group PLC since March 31, 2011 and United Utilities Water Limited since March 30, 2011. Mr. Mogford served as the Chief Executive of Selex Sensors (SELEX Galileo). He served as the Chief Executive of Airborne Systems SpA. He joined Selex Sensors and Airborne Systems in May 2007. He served as the Chief Operating Officer of Programmes at BAE Systems PLC since April 1, 2000. He joined British Aerospace Military Aircraft in 1977 as a Supply Engineer and undertook various procurement roles, including Director of Procurement since 1991. Mr. Mogford served as Commercial Director of the Systems and Services Business Unit of British Aerospace upon British Aerospace formation since 1992. He served as Programmes Director of Al Yamamah since 1994 and Managing Director of Systems and Services since 1995. Since August 1998, he served as Managing Director of British Aerospace Military Aircraft and Aerostructures. Following the merger of British Aerospace and Marconi Electronic Systems in November 1999, he served as Group Managing Director Programmes and Managing Director Eurofighter of BAE Systems PLC. He has been the Senior Independent Director and Non-Executive Director at G4S plc since May 27, 2016. He serves as a Director of United Utilities Plc. He has been Director of United Utilities Water Limited since March 30, 2011 and United Utilities Group PLC since January 5, 2011. Mr. Mogford served as a Non-Executive Director at Carillion Plc from September 2006 to December 31, 2015.and served as its Senior Independent Non Executive Director from May 7, 2014 to September 1, 2015. He served as an Executive Director of BAE Systems PLC from April 2000 to May 9, 2007. He is a Member of the board of the British Quality Foundation. He was educated at Barking Abbey Grammar School in Essex and Queen Elizabeth College, London, where he obtained a First Class BSc Honours Degree in Astrophysics, Maths and Physics.
Average tenure and age of the United Utilities Group management team in years:
Average tenure and age of the United Utilities Group board of directors in years:
United Utilities Group PLC provides water and wastewater services in the United Kingdom. It is also involved in renewable energy generation, corporate trustee, and property management activities; and the provision of consulting and project management services. The company operates 43,000 kilometers (km) of pipes; 77,000 km of sewerage pipes; 567 wastewater treatment works; and 91 water treatment works. It serves 3 million households and 200,000 business customers. United Utilities Group PLC was incorporated in 2008 and is based in Warrington, the United Kingdom.
|Name:||United Utilities Group PLC|
United Utilities Group PLC
Lingley Mere Business Park,
Cheshire, WA5 3LP,
|Exchange Symbol||Ticker Symbol||Security||Exchange||Country||Currency||Listed on|
|LSE||UU.||Ordinary Shares||London Stock Exchange||GB||GBP||02. Jan 1992|
|OTCPK||UUGW.F||Ordinary Shares||Pink Sheets LLC||US||USD||02. Jan 1992|
|DB||UUEC||Ordinary Shares||Deutsche Boerse AG||DE||EUR||02. Jan 1992|
|BATS-CHIXE||UUL||Ordinary Shares||BATS 'Chi-X Europe'||GB||GBP||02. Jan 1992|
|OTCPK||UUGR.Y||SPONSORED ADR||Pink Sheets LLC||US||USD||29. Jan 1998|